Scarlet fever is a very serious disease that affects children. However, you can discover its symptoms, what causes it and the appropriate medical treatment. Scarlet fever is a very serious childhood disease, which is also medically known as scarlet fever or scarlet fever. Despite being serious, at present it is easily curable; in fact, although it tends to be considered a disease of the past reality is that even today new cases continue to appear.
However, it is true that less frequently scarlet fever tends to cause life-threatening infections such as sepsis, necrotizing fascitis (destruction of fat and muscle), or toxic shock syndrome streptococcal. It is characterized as a disease caused by infection with streptococcus bacteria group A (the same bacteria that causes strep throat) or group A Streptococcus, a bacterium commonly found on the skin and throat.
Symptoms of scarlet fever
They generally elapse of one to two days between the time of infection and the onset of their symptoms. Classically is a disease that begins with a fever and sore throat. Regarding the characteristic and distinctive red rash of the disease is usually appear first in the neck and chest, then spread throughout the rest of the body, which can last about a week and according disappears may have to peel skin.
They can also be described other related symptoms:
- Shaking chills
- Malaise and indisposition
- A headache, throat, and muscle.
- Tongue swelling and redness
- Abdominal pain
Dangers of Scarlet Fever
As indicated above, the cause of scarlet fever is infection with streptococcus bacteria group A. If a scarlet fever patient does not receive specific treatment, it can spread to other people in a period that can last up to three weeks. If the patient has started an antibiotic treatment the time of infection is reduced from one to three days.
The natural reservoir for the causative agent of scarlet fever is humans. It is especially in the winter months when up to 20% of the population is carrying streptococci in the pharynx. But not all affected show signs of scarlet fever.
Several subgroups of streptococci are known to cause scarlet fever. This is why some patients may experience a relapse of scarlet fever, even though they have become immune to the subgroup of streptococci that caused them the first time.
Treatment of scarlet fever
In order to prevent rheumatic fever (both serious complication of scarlet fever and strep throat), antibiotics are primarily used in order to eliminate the bacteria that cause strep throat. With this treatment, symptoms usually improve quickly. However, the rash so characteristic can last up to 2 or 3 weeks to disappear completely.